Neco Gce 2022 Civic Education November & December Answers
NECO CIVIC EDUCATION
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civic duty is an action required by law for a citizen to perform.
- *Payment of taxes and rates* : This is a financial obligation of a citizen. Good citizens are expected to pay their taxes at the appropriate time. This will help he government to discharge their duties correctly.
- *Loyalty to the state* : It is the responsibility of Nigerian citizens to be firm and show constant support to their government. Your loyalty must not be divided.
*iii. Community Services* : A good citizen should volunteer and always try to offer whatever help you can for the community in which he or she is living in.
- *Respect for national symbols* : Nigerian national symbols are the national anthem, national flag, Nigerian currency, the coat of arms etc. All of these needed to be respected by the citizens.
CIVIC EDUCATION THEORY ANSWERS*
(i) Encouraging citizen participation in Government: The quality of service rendered by public services will be much better if citizens participated in governance and have platforms on which to express grievances and give feedback. This participatory governance helps to encourage accountability because it puts members and managers of public enterprises on their toes.
(ii) Reformation of code of bureau: The Code of Conduct Bureau is empowered by the constitution to support the Federal Government in curtailing unethical conduct, abuse of office, and other forms of corruption in the public service. Reforming the public service ensures that agencies are completely independent and free from political interference so that the provisions of the Code of Conduct can be enforced and corruption checked.
(iii) Improved salaries: Public servants are the least motivated to work because of their low salary and remuneration package. The government needs to review the salaries of public servants. When public servants are paid what is complementary to the cost of living, they will show more passion for their work which will result in improved services.
(iv) Use of technology in the public service: Public sector in Nigeria still makes use of traditional ways of performing its functions. It is very difficult for the public sector to catch up with standards in a fast-paced technological world. The government needs to invest in Information and technological tools to improve the quality of services.
(v) Human capital development and training: The inefficiency of public servants in Nigeria can be traced to a lack of training and poor human development and management. The government should also invest in good quality education from the school system.
(i) Breakdown of law and order.
(ii) Violence and social instability.
(iii) Disruption of academic activities.
(iv) Disorientation of societal values.
(v) Premature death of youths who are cult members/innocent victims.
(i) Parents should pay more attention to their children’s upbringing and educate
them properly on acceptable standards of behaviour.
(ii) Students should be encouraged to join religious groups and develop the fear of God because the fear of God is the beginning of wisdom.
(iii) Students should be encouraged to work hard in school.
(iv) Parents should show good examples to their children.
(v) The teaching and learning environment should be conducive.
(i) Life coping skills: These are natural skills which every organism including man, acquires from birth to adapt fittingly in his or its environment. They are survival Instincts or skills.
(ii) Manipulative Skills: These skills are seen in skills acquisition centres as it involves economic activities that inculcate skills such as technical education. Computer, field events, mining, manufacturing, technological works, scientific experiments, construction, engineering, productive ventures, gadgets and machine manipulations.
(iii) Intellectual skills: These skills are coordinates in character. It is the literary or theoretical frameworks that guide the practical aspects of the works, economic and scientific undertakings. In the primary sense, it is called brain work.
(iv) Communicative Skills: Communication is a very important aspect of our life. Man evolved communications skills as a social being to enable him pass or send information from one person to the other or from place to place. Communicative skills assist the intellectual skills to be expressed adequately and specifically.
(v) Artistic Skills: They include they art of good writing, fine and applied arts, music and drama. These skills make effective use of all the other four kinds of skills where necessary. Those who employ or have these skills are said to be adepts or experts.
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) To inculcate discipline in Nigerian youths by instilling in them a tradition of industry at work, and of patriotic and loyal service to Nigeria in any situation they may find themselves
(ii) To raise the moral tone of the Nigerian youths by giving them the opportunity to learn about higher ideals of national achievement, social and cultural improvement
(iii) To develop in the Nigerian youths the attitudes of mind, acquired through shared experience and suitable training which will make them more amenable to mobilisation in the national interest
(iv) To enable Nigerian youths acquire the spirit of self reliance by encouraging them to develop skills for self employment
(vi) To contribute to the accelerated growth of the national economy by engaging them in different productive areas of national economy such as in farms, and in private enterprises
(v) To develop common ties among the Nigerian youths and promote national unity and integration
(vi) To provide greater employment opportunities for the youths by ensuring greater job opportunities are available to the fresh graduates
NECO 2022 CIVIC EDUCATION
I)Decorum: Decorum is simply the to as requirement of correct behavior in polite society. It is the right behavior expected at a particular situation..Example is perfect silence among the students when the principal is speaking.
ii)Obeying traffic rules and regulation: It is important for every road users to obey the traffic rules and regulation while driving and there is need for proper understanding proper understanding of the traffic rules and regulation.
iii)Queuing culture: Queuing is an important way to maintain orderliness in the society. There may be need for us to queue up at some places where many people want to enjoy same services with us. This will help in letting things go in a well orderly manner. Examples of where queuing may be needed are petrol stations, ATM points, banks etc.
iv)Listening skills: Good listening skills help us to avoid misunderstanding, embarrassment and mistakes. there is need to be attentive to ever information.. Orderliness involves paying attention while others speak.
V)Driving skills: Driving skills is needed before driving, it is important to go through the normal driving school process before prescribed by the authority concerned before making any attempt to drive.We demonstrate orderliness in driving by observing the traffic light and traffic regulations.
(i) Love: An interpersonal relationship characterized by passion, intimacy, trust and respect is called love. Individuals in a romantic relationship are deeply attached to each other and share a special bond.
(ii) Friendship: Friendship is an unconditional interpersonal relationship where individuals enter into by their own sweet will and choice. Friendship is a relationship where there are no formalities and individuals enjoy each other’s presence.
(iii) Platonic Relationship: A relationship between two individuals without any feelings or sexual desire for each other is called a platonic relationship. In such a relationship, a man and a woman are just friends and do not mix love with friendship.
(iv) Platonic relationships might end in romantic relationship with both the partners developing mutual love and falling for each other. Family Relationship Individuals related by blood or marriage are said to form a family.
(v) Professional Relationship (Work Relationship): Individuals working together for the same organization are said to share a professional relationship. Individuals sharing a professional relationship are called colleagues. Colleagues may or may not like each other.
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