Jamb 2023 expo Jamb 2023 chemistry answers


Jamb 2023 expo Jamb 2023 chemistry answers

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Ecological tourism can be defined as responsible travel to natural areas that conserve the environment, sustains the well-being of the local people, and involves interpretation and education.

(i) It aids community development: It helps in community development by providing the alternate source of livelihood to local community which is more sustainable.

(ii) Conserves Resources: Its aim is to conserve resources, especially biological diversity, and maintain sustainable use of resources, which can bring ecological experience to travelers, conserve the ecological environment and gain economic benefit.

(iii) Opportunity for Small-scale Investment: Ecotourism offers new opportunities for small-scale investments and also increases national responsibility in the protection of biological resources. It therefore acts as a means of socio-economic and environmental uplifting especially in developing countries for which the ecotourism acts as a major source of foreign exchange.Visiting the protected areas such as national parks and reserves contribute towards maintenance of the parks or reserves. This is possible by the collection of entrance fees and other charges which go towards paying for improvements and salaries for the staff taking care of the facilities. Sufficient amounts of revenue are therefore re-invested in protecting natural habitats

(i) Ibeno beach, in Ibeno,  Akwa Ibom State
(ii) Obudu Mountain Resort, in Obudu, Cross River State
(iii) Oban Hills, in Oban, Cross River State.




(i) Act as the apex body to provide leadership and direction for the private sector travel, hospitality and recreation Associations/businesses.
(ii) Co-ordinate, promote and protect the interest of its members in the tourism sector of the nation’s economy and in particular the interests of its members.
(iii) Liaise, interact and work in concert with the government (Federal, States, and Local Government Areas) and its agencies in order to guarantee the timely and effective development of tourism resources in Nigeria.
(iv) Establish operating standards and ethics that will enhance credibility of the profession and encourage its acceptability.
(v) Promote domestic and international tourism activities within the Federal Republic of Nigeria in particular and the rest of the world, in general.

(i) To encourage people living in Nigeria to take their holidays therein and people from abroad to visit Nigeria

(ii) To encourage the provision and improvement of tourism amenities and facilities

in Nigeria including the development of hotels and ancillary facilities.

(iii) To provide advisory and information services

(iv) To promote and undertake research in the field of tourism;

(v) To render technical advice to the states and local governments in the field of tourism

(Choose Any Five)
(i) Nigeria Hotels Association (NHA)
(ii) Federation of Tourism Association of Nigeria (FTAN)
(iii) National Association of Tour Operators( NATOP)
(iv) Hospitality and Tourism Management
(v)Association of Nigeria (HATMAN)
(vi) National Association of Nigeria Travel Agencies (NANTA)

(i) Negative perception of Nigeria abroad.
(ii) Lack of infrastructure at most tourism site.
(iii) Multiple taxation
(iv) insecurity

(v) Poor Management and Administration

(i) Afan National Festival.
(ii) Agila Social and Economic Carnival.
(iii) Annang Festival of Art and Culture.
(iv) Argungu Fishing Festival.

(i) Nok culture of Kaduna state
(ii) Dye Pits of kano state
(iii) Esie stone sculptures
(iv) Mbari Art of Imo state

(i) the influence of modernization, Christianity, commerce, civilization, change, development, looting, and antiquarians, among others.

(ii)The government developmental projects which destroy cultural heritages, conflicts and social change in nigeria as a hole.

(iii)the Social change implies an alteration, modification or shift in behavior also cause the challenge in cultural heritage.

(iv)the religious zealots who burn cultural objects in the name of deliverance.

Tourism marketing is the collective name given to the various marketing strategies used by businesses within the tourism industry.

(i) Apply storytelling on your social media posts.
(ii)Use augmented reality to offer memorable experiences.
(iii)Create valuable content and optimize your website for SEO.
(iv) Manage your reviews on TripAdvisor

(i) Television:As long as many people watch television as leisure, it can be very effective as a medium of promoting tourist destination and activities. Potential customers spend the most attentive time in front of the TV.

(ii) Print media: Print media advertising uses media which are printed in sending out its messages about the product or service being advertised to prospective customers, present consumers and other businesses which may be interested in the product or service offered.

(iii)Newspapers:Those who wish to advertise in the newspapers are able to select from a broad range of newspapers.

(iv)Magazines; Magazines allow marketers to reach readers in different market segments. Magazines often are published for various social groupings in mind.

(v)Journals;These are newspapers and magazines which specialize in publishing topics in a particular subject. Usually, journals are highly professional in what they publish as well as how they publish it

Tour operator is an organization, firm, or company who buys individual travel components, separately from their suppliers and combines them into a package tour, which is sold with their own price tag to the public directly or through middlemen. In other words is one who has the responsibility of putting the tour ingredients together, marketing it, making reservations and handling actual operation.

(i)A tour operator is an organization, firm, or person who is responsible for the actual arrangement of transport and accommodation facilities on any tour or vacations.

(ii)They are also responsible for operating and providing vacation through contracting, booking, and packaging together of the various components of the tour such as hotel, transportation, meals, guides, optional tours, and sometimes flights.

(iii)tour operator is like a service provider, providing the most convenient option for tourists to stay, visit, as well as leave from the city. In other words tour operator owns a high volume of travel services across carriers, services, and accommodation.

(i)Plan and sell transportations, accommodations, insurance and other travel services

(ii)Cooperate with clients to determine their needs and advise them appropriate destination, modes of transportations, travel dates, costs and accommodations

(iii)Provide relevant information, brochures and publications (guides, local customs, maps, regulations, events etc) to travelers


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