(i)Decorum: Decorum is simply the to as requirement of correct behavior in polite society. It is the right behavior expected at a particular situation..Example is perfect silence among the students when the principal is speaking.

(ii)Obeying traffic rules and regulation: It is important for every road users to obey the traffic rules and regulation while driving and there is need for proper understanding proper understanding of the traffic rules and regulation.

(iii)Queuing culture: Queuing is an important way to maintain orderliness in the society. There may be need for us to queue up at some places where many people want to enjoy same services with us. This will help in letting things go in a well orderly manner. Examples of where queuing may be needed are petrol stations, ATM points, banks etc.

(iv)Listening skills: Good listening skills help us to avoid misunderstanding, embarrassment and mistakes. there is need to be attentive to ever information. Orderliness involves paying attention while others speak.

(v)Driving skills: Driving skills is needed before driving, it is important to go through the normal driving school process before prescribed by the authority concerned before making any attempt to drive.We demonstrate orderliness in driving by observing the traffic light and traffic regulations.


(i) Love: An interpersonal relationship characterized by passion, intimacy, trust and respect is called love. Individuals in a romantic relationship are deeply attached to each other and share a special bond.

(ii) Friendship: Friendship is an unconditional interpersonal relationship where individuals enter into by their own sweet will and choice. Friendship is a relationship where there are no formalities and individuals enjoy each other’s presence.

(iii) Platonic Relationship: A relationship between two individuals without any feelings or sexual desire for each other is called a platonic relationship. In such a relationship, a man and a woman are just friends and do not mix love with friendship.

(iv) Platonic relationships might end in romantic relationship with both the partners developing mutual love and falling for each other. Family Relationship Individuals related by blood or marriage are said to form a family.

(v) Professional Relationship (Work Relationship): Individuals working together for the same organization are said to share a professional relationship. Individuals sharing a professional relationship are called colleagues. Colleagues may or may not like each other


(i) Encouraging citizen participation in Government: The quality of service rendered by public services will be much better if citizens participated in governance and have platforms on which to express grievances and give feedback. This participatory governance helps to encourage accountability because it puts members and managers of public enterprises on their toes.

(ii) Reformation of code of bureau: The Code of Conduct Bureau is empowered by the constitution to support the Federal Government in curtailing unethical conduct, abuse of office, and other forms of corruption in the public service. Reforming the public service ensures that agencies are completely independent and free from political interference so that the provisions of the Code of Conduct can be enforced and corruption checked.

(iii) Improved salaries: Public servants are the least motivated to work because of their low salary and remuneration package. The government needs to review the salaries of public servants. When public servants are paid what is complementary to the cost of living, they will show more passion for their work which will result in improved services.

(iv) Use of technology in the public service: Public sector in Nigeria still makes use of traditional ways of performing its functions. It is very difficult for the public sector to catch up with standards in a fast-paced technological world. The government needs to invest in Information and technological tools to improve the quality of services.

(v) Human capital development and training: The inefficiency of public servants in Nigeria can be traced to a lack of training and poor human development and management. The government should also invest in good quality education from the school system.


Civic duty refers to the actions that all individuals must take in order to be citizens of a country. Each country has its own specific requirements for civic duty, meaning that the concepts applicable in one part of the world may not be universal.

(i)Paying of taxes; An important duty of any citizen in any country is to pay taxes to the state. Tax is a compulsory contribution to state revenue, levied by the government on workers’ income and business profits, or added to the cost of some goods, services, and transactions.

(ii)Obeying the laws of the state; Law and order is a prerequisite of every society. To ensure that there is law and order therefore, every citizen must obey the laws of the land. Citizens are expected to respect and obey federal, state, and local laws.

(iii)Participating in the political process; Citizens are expected to participate in the political process of the state. The citizen is expected to vote and can also be voted for if he or she vies for a political office. Citizens are expected to be active in the democratic process.

(iv)Protection of public property; Every citizen has the responsibility to protect state property. A lot of tax money is spent by governments to create public properties for the state. As such, it is expected of citizens to take care of these properties.


Selflessness is the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others; the quality of not putting yourself first but being willing to give your time or money or effort for others.

Integrity can be seen as the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles. It is also the quality of being upright, not corrupt, but inspiring and fair in actions.


Contentment is a state of being satisfied with one’s life and with what one has. Someone is said to be content if he/she is not always feeling like having everything to himself alone.



[Pick Any five]

(i) protects the country against external attack
(ii) execute and implement the law
(iii) prepares annual budget
(iv) Enforce law in the state
(v) Appointment of ministers, high commissioners and ambassadors
(vi) signing of bill into law.

[Pick Any five]

(i) It makes law
(ii) it approves budget
(iii) Executive watchdog
(iv) It approves judiciary appointment
(v) it represents the citizens in government.
(vi) it approves executive appointments.

[Pick Any five]

(i) it interpreters the law
(ii) it settles disputes
(iii) it punishes offenders
(iv) It contributes to law making
(v) it safeguards fundamental individual right.
(vi) it functions as watch dog to other organs of government.