Jamb 2020 mock government expo




Government 2020 Practice Questions

Government 2020 Practice Questions

1. The second ballot is based on the principle that a successful candidate must obtain
A. absolute majority
B. simple majority
C. forty percent of the votes
D. fifty percent of the votes
Correct Answer: Option A
Explanation
Before the Second Ballot System is introduce in an election is when none of the candidates wins the election by absolute majority in a general election, another election would be conducted. In this final election, only the candidates with the highest votes are allowed to contest.

So the second ballot is based on the principle that a successful candidate must obtain Absolute Majority

Absolute Majority System is a system of voting in which a candidate must acquire more than half of the total vote cast before he can be declared winner.
2. The tenure of the president of the UN Security Council is
A. one month
B. six months
C. two years
D. one year
Correct Answer: Option A
Explanation
The Security Council is one of the organs of U.N.O and it is assumed to be the most powerful of all the organs, making up the organization. Formerly, it was made up of 5 permanent members also known as the Permanent Five, Big Five, or P5 and 6 non-permanent members, but it was enlarged in 1965, bringing 6 non-permanent members to 10, making it 15 members. The permanent members are: United States of America (USA), China, Britain, France and Russia.

The President of the United Nations Security Council is the presiding officer of that body. The President is the head of the delegation from the United Nations Security Council member state that holds the rotating presidency for a tenure of One Month. the presidency rotates monthly among the state members of the Security Council. The rotation takes place in alphabetical order of the member states’ official United Nations names in English
3.Political authority is vested in the_________
A. state
B. judiciary
C. government
D. armed forces

Correct Answer: Option C
Explanation
Political Authority is the authority conferred on a persons holding political offices, e.g the president, legislators etc. and the president, legislator and others are considered to be the Government

So Political authority is vested in the Government
4.Unicameral legislatures are popular in
A. unitary system
B. federal system
B. cofederal
D. rigid system

Correct Answer: Option A
Explanation
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber. Thus, a unicameral parliament or unicameral legislature is a legislature which consists of one chamber or house.
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme. The central government may create administrative divisions. Such units exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to local governments by statute, the central government may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail their powers. A large majority of the world’s states have a unitary system of government and adopt a unicameral legislature (of a legislative body having a single legislative chamber.)
5.In the cabinet system of government, individual responsibility of ministers means that ____________
A. only ministers can be held responsible for errors
B. a minister must hold his subordinates responsible for his failures
C. the prime ministers can remove an erring minister
D. no individual can be held responsible for government decisions
Correct Answer: Option A

Explanation
Individual ministerial responsibility is a constitutional convention in governments using the Westminster System that a cabinet minister bears the ultimate responsibility for the actions of their ministry or department.

According to Individual Ministerial Responsibility:

• Ministers are individually responsible for the work of their departments and are answerable to Parliament for all their

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